2790 E.Camellia St Pahrump NV 89048 US
What is the proper name for the breed?
Ovcharka (овчарка !Af’tçarkə!) is a term of Russian origin used to describe the working dog specializing in working with sheep. Originated from ovtca (sheep in Russian), ovchar (sheep herder, or farm employee maintaining sheep).
Through the term itself does not specify, whether the dog is a herding dog a livestock guardian dog, it rather refers to livestock guardian and protection breeds of dogs of Russian origin for the simple reason that there is no herding breeds that originated in Russia. At the same time, it is used as a part of breed name in Russian for shepherds or sheepdogs imported to the country.
When Russian cynologists named dog breeds, they often used a combination of country of origin and term Ovcharka, meaning that this shepherd’s dog came from this region. For example, a shepherd of German origin is Nemetskaja Ovcharka is in Russian, what means the German Shepherd.
Over years, term Ovcharka became common outside Russia and other countries where Russian language is common in relation with 3 livestock guardian breeds of Russian origin: Caucasian Ovcharka, Central Asian Ovcharka and South Russian Ovcharka. The reason for continuous use of this term instead of sublimating it for easier to pronounce “shepherd” or “sheepdog” is a necessity to underline differentiation between a livestock guardian dog (especially of Russian origin) and a herding dog (that is commonly called Shepherd in English). All 3 breeds have different mentality and way higher protection instincts than a German Shepherd or other popular herding dogs and use of a different breed name avoiding common potentially misleading term helps to distinguish such traits.